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aimee08

多音字, duoyinzi, discussion and lists

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aimee08

Hi, does anyone of you know where can I find a list with the same characters that are pronounced in different way?

I mean like the 觉 of

juéde -

or

shuì jiào - 睡

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helenlee

In Chinese we call them duo yin zi(pinyin) 多音字, I have found some on the web and copy them here. Hope it will help you. If you want to find more, you can paste "多音字 " on "goole web search" and you will find many websites about it.

This is one of the web http://xh.5156edu.com/showzip18317.html

Then 108 多音字 on one of the web:

1、单:单(shàn,姓)老师说,单(chán匈奴族首领)于只会骑马,不会骑单(dān)车。

2、折:这两批货物都打折(zhé)出售,严重折(shé)本,他再也经不起这样折(zhē)腾 了。

3、喝:武松大喝(hè)一声:“快拿酒来!我要喝(hē)十二碗。”博得众食客一阵喝(hè) 彩。

4、着:你这着(zhāo名词)真绝,让他干着(zháo动词)急,又无法着(zhuó)手应付,心里老是悬着(zhe)。

5、蕃:吐蕃(bō藏族的前身)族在青藏高原生活、蕃(fán茂盛、繁多)衍了几千年。

6、量:有闲心思量(liáng)她,没度量(liàng)宽容她。野外测量(liáng)要量(liàng)力而行。

7、沓:他把纷至沓(tà)来的想法及时写在一沓(dá)纸上,从不见他有疲沓(ta)之色。

8、烊:商店晚上也要开门,打烊(yàng晚上关门)过早不好,糖烊(yáng溶化)了都卖不动了。

9、载:据史书记载(zǎi),王昭君多才多艺,每逢三年五载(zǎi)汉匈首脑聚会,她都要载(zài)歌载(zài)舞。

10、曝:陈涛参加体育锻炼缺乏毅力、一曝(pù)十寒的事情在校会上被曝(bào)光,他感到十分羞愧。

11、宁:尽管他生活一直没宁(níng)静过,但他宁(nìng)死不屈,也不息事宁(níng)人。

12、和:天气暖和(huo),小和(hé)在家和(huó动词)泥抹墙;他讲原则性,是非面前从不和(huò)稀泥,也不随声附和(hè动词)别人,更不会在麻将桌上高喊:“我和(hú)了。”

13、省:湖北副省(shěng)长李大强如能早些省(xǐng)悟,就不致于丢官弃职、气得不省(xǐng)人事了。

14、拗:这首诗写得太拗(ào)口了,但他执拗(niù)不改,气得我把笔杆都拗(ǎo)断了。

15、臭:臭气熏天的臭(chòu)是指气味难闻,无声无臭的臭(xiù)是泛指一般气味。

16、度:度(dù姓)老师宽宏大度(dù名词),一向度(duó动词)德量力,从不以己度(duó动词)人。

17、哄:他那像哄(hǒng)小孩似的话,引得人们哄(hōng)堂大笑,大家听了一哄(hòng)而散。

18、丧:他穿着丧(sāng)服,为丧(sāng)葬费发愁,神情沮丧(sàng)、垂头丧(sàng)气。

19、差:他每次出差(chāi)差(chà)不多都要出点差(chā)错。

20、扎:鱼拼命挣扎(zhá),鱼刺扎(zhā)破了手,他随意包扎(zā)一下。

21、埋:他自己懒散,却总是埋(mán)怨别人埋(mái)头工作。

22、盛:盛(shèng)老师盛(shèng)情邀我去她家做客,并帮我盛(chéng)饭。

23、伧:这个人衣着寒伧(chen),语言伧(cāng)俗。

24、创:勇于创(chuàng)造的人难免会遭受创(chuāng)伤。

25、伯:我是她的大伯(bó),不是她的大伯(bǎi)子。

26、疟:发疟(yāo)子就是患了疟(nǜe)疾。

27、看:看(kān)守大门的保安也很喜欢看(kàn)小说。

28、行:银行(háng)发行(xíng)股票,报纸刊登行(háng) 情。

29、艾:他在耆艾(ài)之年得了艾(ài)滋病,整天自怨自艾(yì)。

30、把:你把(bǎ)水缸把(bà)摔坏了,以后使用没把(bǎ)柄了。

31、传:《鸿门宴》是汉代传(zhuàn)记而不是唐代传(chuán)奇。

32、荷:荷(hé)花旁边站着一位荷(hè)枪实弹的战士。

33、涨:我说她涨(zhǎng)了工资,她就涨(zhàng)红着脸摇头否认。

34、奇:数学中奇(jī)数是最奇(qí)妙的。

35、炮:能用打红的炮(pào)筒炮(bāo)羊肉和炮(páo)制药材吗?

36、给:请把这封信交给(gěi)团长,告诉他,前线的供给(jǐ)一定要有保障。

37、冠:他得了冠(guàn)军后就有点冠(guān)冕堂皇了。

38、干:穿着干(gān)净的衣服干(gàn)脏活,真有点不协调。

39、巷:矿下的巷(hàng)道与北京四合院的小巷(xiàng)有点相似。

40、薄:薄(bò)荷油味不薄(báo),很受欢迎,但要薄(bó)利多销。

41、拓:拓片、拓本的“拓”读 tà ,开拓、拓荒的“拓”读 tuò 。

42、恶:这条恶(è)狗真可恶(wù),满身臭味,让人闻了就恶(ě)心。

43、便:局长大腹便便(pián),行动不便(biàn)。

44、宿:小明在宿(sù)舍说了一宿(xiǚ)有关星宿(xiǜ)的常识。

45、号:受了批评,那几名小号(hào)手都号(háo)啕大哭起来。

46、藏:西藏(zàng)的布达拉宫是收藏(cáng)大藏(zàng)经的宝藏(zàng)。

47、轧:轧(zhá)钢车间的工人很团结,没有相互倾轧(yà)的现象。

48、卡:这辆藏匿毒品的卡(kǎ)车在过关卡(qiǎ)时被截住了。

49、调:出现矛盾要先调(diào)查,然后调(tiáo)解。

50、模:这两件瓷器模(mú)样很相似,像是由一个模(mó)型做出来的。

51、没:驾车违章,证件被交警没(mò)收了,他仍像没(méi)事一样。

52、舍:我真舍(shě)不得离开住了这么多年的宿舍(shè)。

53、殷:老林家境殷(yīn)实,那清一色殷(yān)红的实木家具令人赞叹不已。

54、还:下课后我还(hái)要去图书馆还(huán)书。

55、系:你得系(jì)上红领巾去学校联系(xì)少先队员来参加活动。

56、假:假(jiǎ)如儿童节学校不放假(jià),我们怎么办?

57、降:我们有办法使从空中降(jiàng)落的敌人投降(xiáng)。

58、脯:胸脯(pú)、果脯(fǔ)不是同一个读音。

59、间:他们两人之间(jiān)的友谊从来没有间(jiàn)断过。

60、石:两石(dàn)石(shí)子不够装一卡车。

61、劲:球场上遇到劲(jìng)敌,倒使他干劲(jìn)更足了。

62、茄:我不喜欢抽雪茄(jiā)烟,但我喜欢吃番茄(qié)。

63、刨:我刨(bào推刮)平木头,再去刨(páo挖掘)花生。

64、弹:这种弹(dàn)弓弹(tán)力很强。

65、颤:听到这个噩耗,小刘颤(zhàn)栗,小陈颤(chàn)抖。

66、扒:他扒(bā)下皮鞋,就去追扒(pá)手。

67、散:我收集的材料散(sàn)失了,散(sǎn)文没法写了。

68、数:两岁能数(shǔ)数(shù)的小孩已数(shuò)见不鲜了。

69、参:人参(shēn)苗长得参(cēn)差不齐,还让人参(cān)观吗。

70、会:今天召开的会(kuài)计工作会(huì)议一会(huì)儿就要结束了。

71、簸:他用簸(bò)箕簸(bǒ)米。

72、吓:敌人的恐吓(hè)吓(xià)不倒他。

73、胖:肥胖(pàng)并不都是因为心宽体胖(pán),而是缺少锻炼。

74、耙:你用梨耙(bà)耙(bà)地,我用钉耙(pá)耙(pá)草。

75、伺:边伺(cì)候他边窥伺(sì)动静。

76、好:好(hào)逸恶劳、好(hào)为人师的做法都不好(hǎo)。

77、咳:咳(haī)!你怎么又咳(ké)起来了?

78、处:教务处(chù)正在处(chǔ)理这个问题。

79、囤:大囤(dùn)、小囤(dùn),都囤(tún)满了粮食。

80、缝:这台缝(féng)纫机的台板有裂缝(fèng)。

81、澄:澄(dèng)清混水易,澄(chéng)清问题难。

82、扇:他拿着扇(shàn)子却扇(shān)不来风。

83、得:你得(děi必须)把心得(dé)体会写得(de)具体、详细些。

84、屏:他屏(bǐng)气凝神躲在屏(píng)风后面。

85、几:这几(jǐ)张茶几(jī)几(jī)乎都要散架了。

86、卷:考卷(juàn)被风卷(juǎn)起,飘落到了地上。

87、乐:教我们音乐(yụè)的老师姓乐(yụè),他乐(lè)于助人。

88、了:他了(liào)望半天,对地形早已了(liǎo)如指掌了(le)。

89、吭: 小李一声不吭(kēng),小王却引吭(háng)高歌。

90、粘:胶水不粘(nián)了,书页粘(zhān)不紧。

91、畜:畜(xù)牧场里牲畜(chù)多。

92、称:称(chèng同“秤”)杆的名称(chēng)、实物要相称(chèn)

93.弄:别在弄(lòng)堂在玩弄(nòng)小鸟。

94.俩:他兄弟俩(liǎ)耍猴的伎俩(liǎng)不过如此。

95、露:小杨刚一露(lòu)头,就暴露(lù)了目标。

96、重:老师很重(zhòng)视这个问题,请重(chóng)说一遍。

97、率:他办事从不草率(shuài),效率(lǜ)一向很高。

98.空:有空(kòng)闲就好好读书,尽量少说空(kōng)话。

99.泊:小船漂泊(bó)在湖泊(pō)里。

100.朝:我朝(zhāo)气蓬勃朝(cháo)前走。

101.膀:膀(páng)胱炎会使人膀(pāng)肿吗?

102.校:上校(xiào)到校(jiào)场找人校(jiào)对材料。

103.强:小强(qiáng)很倔强(jiàng),做事别勉强(qiǎng)他。

104.塞(sài)外并不闭塞(sè),塞(sāi)子塞(sāi)不住漏洞。

105.辟:随意诬陷人搞封建复辟(bì)可不行,得辟(pì)谣。

106.倒:瓶子倒(dǎo)了,水倒(dào)了出来。

107.都:大都(dū名词)市的人口都(dōu副词)很多。

108.匙:汤匙(chí)、钥匙(shi)都放在桌子上。

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heifeng

wow, you guys answer fast...I thought I was gonna be able to post first on one of my favorite topics:mrgreen: ...hehe

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aimee08

oh thank you so much!!!!

I didn't know they are called 多音字, so I couldn't search if there were already open thread, sorry.

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skylee

Here is a list in simplified Chinese with 243 (if I count right) 多音字 in doc format - 常用多音字规范表 ->

http://www.lbx777.com/ywfj/ywcs/wz/images/cydyz01.doc

I note that 着 and 著 are two separate entries on this list. hmmm ...

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aimee08

thanks skylee, that's perfect :)

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roddy

Attaching two files.

The .doc file is a simple list of the 108 多音字 in the link above suitable for importing into your preferred flashcard program (although how that flashcard program handles 多音字 is another matter).

The .txt is a Plecodict friendly list of all words in the increasingly laggard HSK database which contain any one of those 多音字. Bear in mind that some 多音字 may only have one pronunciation within the HSK lists - all of those words will still be included. Eg 单 results in 简单 etc appearing, although the shàn version doesn't.

I would probably have been wiser to use the longer list of 243 to generate this, but I happened to be looking at the shorter one of 108 when I started thinking about this. If anyone wants to come up with or find a clean list of the 243 that I can just plug into the database I'll be able to generate a more complete list of associated words. What also might be useful is a list of 多音字 within the scope of the HSK.

The Pleco format, in case anyone wants to convert it to something else, is just

// LIST NAME

CharsPin1yin1

CharsPin1yin1

flash.txt

list of 108.doc

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roddy

Attaching:

A list of all characters in the 现代汉语常用多音字词例, one entry per pronunciation. About 300 characters, just under 700 pronunciations. There's a 次常用多音字词例 also, about one third of the length. Will post that if / when I do it. For reference the 现代汉语常用字表 (ie not just 多音字) is about 2,500 characters, the 次常用 1,000.

It's called a 词例 as there's a third column, with lists of words for each pronunciation, or an explanation, which I haven't typed in, and don't plan to if importing into Plecodict has decent results (which is why I have one entry per pronunciation, rather than multiple pronunciations per line)

The list does some odd stuff, eg omits huǐ for 会, includes a neutral tone 点 because of 打点 but not for similar words, etc.

putonghuaduoyinzi.txt

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