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chavalit

《易·井》?

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chavalit

I'm not sure what this symbol means: 《易·井》

I found it in the passage below, explaining words from a couplet:

一盏寒泉荐秋菊,三更画船穿藕花

——刘鄂撰 《老残游记》古水仙祠联

【注释】(1)一盏寒泉:盏,浅而小的杯子。寒泉:是指清凉的泉水。《易·井》云:“井冽寒泉食。”但这里又有暗喻济南之意。济南有“泉城”之名,谓“家家有泉水”,著名的有“趵突”等七十二泉,泉水千姿百态,十分壮观。

I guess it refers to some well-known classic book and “井冽寒泉食。” is an example from that book? I tried to google 《易·井》 but couldn't find anything that make sense.

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fengyixiao

  【名称】井冽寒泉食

  【拼音】jǐng liè hán quán shí

  【解释】冽:清澈;寒:清冷。只有在井很洁净、泉水清冷明澈的情况下才喝水。即只喝干净凉爽的水。比喻刚正的君主任用德才兼备的人。

  【出处】《周易·井》:“九五:井冽寒泉食。”孔颖达疏:“以言刚正之主不纳非贤,必须行洁才高而乃后用。故曰井冽寒泉食也。”

see here:http://baike.baidu.com/view/2269113.htm

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chavalit

Sorry but I'm only at intermediate level, and I study by myself.

I don't understand what 《易·井》 means. In fact, there is this 《周易·井》 in the previous post. What are these "《易·井》" and "《周易·井》"?

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fengyixiao

《易》 is the abbreviation for 《易经》.

《井》 is one article of 《易经》.

《易经》 is combined by 《周易》《连山易》《归藏易》.

《连山易》《归藏易》have been lost in acient times,so nowadays, 《易》 is referred to as 《周易》 or 《易经》.

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trien27

井, The Well = The 48th of the 64 hexagrams in the Yi, 易, short for Yijing 易經 or The Chinese "Book of Changes", AKA "Zhouyi, or 周易" because it was written in The Warring States period [战国 / 戰國, 403-221BCE], a part of the Eastern Zhou dynasty [東周: 770-256BCE]. The other part of the Eastern Zhou dynasty is called The Spring and Autumn Period, 春秋時代 from 722-481 BCE.

What's normally called the 西周, [Western] Zhou dynasty, is from 1045-770 BCE, but it's been disputed.

Hexagram 48 is named 井 (jǐng), "Welling". Other variations include "the well". Its inner trigram is ☴ (巽 xùn) ground = (風) wind, and its outer trigram is ☵ (坎 kǎn) gorge = (水) water.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_Ching_hexagram_48#Hexagram_48

Within the two initial trigrams, there's also two which can be found inside these two trigrams. The initial two trigrams = outer trigrams, the inner trigrams are the two that's later found. Sort of difficult to explain.

* From me. I studied a bit of the Yijing / I Ching when I was younger.

Please check out this website for the hexagram picture: It's the big one on the right.

http://www.afpc.asso.fr/wengu/wg/wengu.php?l=Yijing&no=48

Edited by trien27
additional information

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