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Abbreviations of Chinese provnices

Zhende ma?

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Can anyone enlighten me on the origin and meaning for the abbreviations of the Chinese provinces? I have them listed below and some are obvious. What about the others? Are they ethnic groups, ancient kingdoms? Abbreviations are in parentheses

Obvious (or maybe they also need explanation)

北京市 (京) Beijing

天津市 (津) Tianjin

辽宁 (辽) Liaoning

内蒙古 (内蒙古) Inner Mongolia

吉林 (吉) Jilin

黑龙江 (黑) Heilongjiang

江苏 (苏) Jiangsu

浙江 (浙) Zhejiang

四川 (川) Sichuan

西藏 (藏) Xizang (Tibet)

青海 (青) Qinghai

宁夏 (宁) Ningxia

新疆 (新) Xinjiang

Not obvious

河北 (冀) Hebei

山西 (晋) Shanxi

上海市 (沪) Shanghai

安徽 (皖) Anhui

福建 (闽) Fujian (Min people?)

江西 (赣) Jiangxi

山东 (鲁) Shandong

河南 (豫) Henan

湖北 (鄂) Hubei

湖南 (湘) Hunan

广东 (粤) Guangdong

广西 (桂) Guangxi

海南 (琼) Hainan

重庆市(渝) Chongqing

贵州 (黔) Guizhou

云南 (滇) Yunan

陕西 (秦) Shaanxi

甘肃 (陇) Gansu

And I really don’t want to be political about this but

台湾 (台) Taiwan

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Study local beers!

Many local beers are named after the former names of the cities or former principalities they're brewed in

Bejing's most famous brew: 燕京

Nanjing's best: 金陵

There were more, but I forget, anybody else know of any?

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