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试验/实验


gegehuhu
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http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/212494325.html

实验是对抽象的知识理论所做的现实操作,用来证明它正确或者推导出新的结论。它是相对于知识理论的实际操作。试验是对事物或社会对象的一种检测性的操作,用来检测那里正常操作或临界操作的运行过程、运行状况等。它是就事论事的。试验都是实验。实验比试验的范围宽广。工厂的产品可以抽样检测,是试验。试验的结果可能是破坏性的,因此不能试验所有的产品。相反,如果产品质量不太稳定,必须对所有产品都做最起码的检测,以证明它基本达标。用地震方法检测地下蕴藏必须保证不影响社会生活和生态坏境变迁。社会计划的试点也是试验。试验中,试验对象是明确的,试验目的是检查它能不能正常运行、正常运行的条件和该条件允许的范围。对社会生活或个体人生作试验具有改变现实的性质,应该非常谨慎,有些甚至是要禁止的。
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Another answer from Baidu:

高级汉语词典上是这样解释的:

实验∶设计来检验一个理论或证实一种假设而进行的一系列操作或活动;

试验∶为了解某物的性能或某事的结果而进行的尝试性活动。

I guess 实验 is closer to ["scientific] experiment (testing a hypothesis)" while 试验 is closer to "testing for functionality or expected output".

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