bhchao Posted October 23, 2011 at 06:45 AM Report Share Posted October 23, 2011 at 06:45 AM Many of the early political and military leaders during the ROC period on the mainland had studied in Japan, such as Sun Yatsen, Hu Hanmin, Zhou Enlai, Chiang Kai shek, Dai Jitao, and Chen Qimei. After the Japanese surrender in 1945, many former IJA officers stayed behind and participated in the Chinese civil war, most notably in Shaanxi province under the warlord Yan Xishan against the communists. Both PRC and ROC historians concur that Chiang Kaishek showed magnanimity toward Japanese officers and troops in China after the surrender. There were incidents of revenge by Chinese civilians against Japanese civilians and surrendered troops in China. But the ROC government urged the Chinese to treat the defeated with dignity and not to seek revenge. Eventually this stance showed dividends after the war. Many former IJA army officers showed deep gratitude and appreciation, and even silent regret, toward Chiang for treating them with dignity despite the crimes they committed during the war. Many of them as a result felt bound by loyalty to Chiang, and reciprocated by agreeing to Chiang's request to help train officers and soldiers in Taiwan during the Cold War. The US was very disappointed with this policy of employing former Japanese militarists to train the ROC army in Taiwan. Particularly controversial was allowing Yasuji Okamura, the implementor of the "Three Kill Alls" policy in communist territories, to travel to Taiwan to train the army. However, Okamura's role in training KMT soldiers in Taiwan was minimal compared to the role played by other former IJA officers. Regardless of US idealism and opposition, Chiang continued this pragmatic policy. Different cultural values between the US and China was one reason. Loyalty ties and reciprocity, and former relationship connections (in this case, the KMT and Chiang's early roots in Japan) far outweighed the unattractiveness of employing former Japanese militarists. In 1972 the Japanese government was very reluctant to switch diplomatic relations to the PRC mainly because of the dignified treatment Chiang showed their officers and troops after the surrender. Yet they had no choice but to follow Nixon's lead in reapproachment with the PRC. Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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