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Ask about Jing Kang incident


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Hi my brother and sister.

I want to ask something about Jing Kang incident.

This incident name has inspired Jin Yong to name two of his main character in Legend of Condor Heroes series : Guo Jing and Yang Kang.

I've run through wikipedia, but I need more detailed information.

Any replies will be greatly appreriacted

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Some questions to be more detailed :

  • The Emperor name is Qinzong, why the era name is "Jing Kang" ?
  • I'm not clear about General Yue Fei roles in this incident. Yue Fei is a great general, isn't he ?

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Jingkang is the name of the years (年號) under this emporer's rule. The name of the era was decided by the emperor in consultation with his Court, I guess, and usually conveyed the hope and expectations for the era. When there were wars, it was quite normal to hope for peace and prosperity, in my opinion.

Qinzong is the name of the emperor given to him after his death (廟號).

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张传侯 wrote:

I'm not clear about General Yue Fei roles in this incident. Yue Fei is a great general, isn't he ?

According to the Wikipedia entry for "Jingkang Incident", it took place in 1127.


According to the Wikipedia entry for "Yue Fei", he wasn't a general when the incident occurred.

from Wikipedia entry for "Yue Fei":

In 1126, several years before Yue became a general, the Jurchen-ruled Jin Dynasty invaded northern China, forcing the Song Dynasty out of its capital Kaifeng and capturing Emperor Qinzong of Song, who was sent into captivity in Manchuria. This marked the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, and the beginning of the Southern Song Dynasty under Emperor Gaozong.

Yue fought a long campaign against the invading Jurchens in an effort to retake northern China. Just when he was threatening to attack and retake Kaifeng, corrupt officials advised Emperor Gaozong to recall Yue to the capital and sue for peace with the Jurchens. Fearing that a defeat at Kaifeng might cause the Jurchens to release Emperor Qinzong, threatening his claim to the throne, Emperor Gaozong followed their advice, sending 12 orders in the form of 12 gold plaques to Yue Fei, recalling him back to the capital. Knowing that a success at Kaifeng could lead to internal strife, Yue submitted to the emperor's orders and returned to the capital, where he was imprisoned and where Qin Hui would eventually arrange for him to be executed on false charges.[10]

There are conflicting views on how Yue died. According to The History of China: (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations) and other sources, Yue died in prison.[13]HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yue_Fei" \l "cite_note-37"[38] The Chronicle of Yue, Prince of E of Song says he was killed in prison.[7] Shuo Yue Quanzhuan states he was strangled to death. It reads, "...[Yue Fei] strode in long steps to the Pavilion of Winds and Waves ... The warders on both sides picked up the ropes and strangled the three men [Yue Fei, Yue Yun, and Zhang Xian (張憲), Yue's subordinate] without further ado ... At the time Lord Yue was 39 years of age and the young lord Yue Yun 23. When the three men returned to Heaven, suddenly a fierce wind rose up wildly and all the fires and lights were extinguished. Black mists filled the sky and sand and pebbles were blown about."[10]

The Secrets of Eagle Claw Kung Fu: Ying Jow Pai comments, "Finally, [Yue Fei] received the 'Twelfth Golden Edict' [from the emperor calling him back to the capital], which if ignored meant banishment. Patriotism demanded that he obey. On his way back to the capital he stopped to rest at a pavilion. Qin Hui anticipated Yue Fei's route and sent some men to lie in wait. When Yue Fei arrived, Qin's men ambushed and murdered him. Just 39 years old, Yue Fei like many good men in history, had a swift, brilliant career, then died brutally while still young."[39]

According to A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, "[Father and son] had not been two months in confinement when Qin Hui resolved to rid himself of his enemy. He wrote out with his own hand an order for the execution of Yue Fei, which was forthwith carried into effect; whereupon he immediate reported that Yue Fei had died in prison."[14] Meaning he had Yue and his son executed but reported they both died while in captivity.

Other sources say he was poisoned to death.[40]HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yue_Fei" \l "cite_note-temple-40"[41] Still, a great deal simply say he was executed, murdered, or "treacherously assassinated".[42]HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yue_Fei" \l "cite_note-42"[43]HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yue_Fei" \l "cite_note-43"[44]


Kobo-Daishi, PLLA.

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