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Napkat

'Flexible Use of Interrogative Pronouns' - 谁,什么,怎么,哪儿

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Napkat

I'm reading through my textbook currently, and it's thrown up a grammar point which isn't quite clear - is anybody able to clarify the meaning a little?

 

It reads as follows, and I'll include examples;

 

"In Chinese, interrogative pronouns such as 谁,什么,怎么 and 哪儿 can be used to refer to every member in a certain scope, indicating all of them are the same in a certain way without exception. For example:

 

1) 谁都喜欢小丽。

2) 小刚什么都喜欢吃。

3) 我们怎么去公园都可爱。

4) 最近我觉得哪儿都不舒服。

 

I'm unsure as to whether 'every member' here refers to every object within a certain range (e.g.for #4, where I'm tempted to read it as 'recently I think that I'm uncomfortable everywhere') or whether it means that the four pronouns can be used completely interchangeably. It could just be that I'm tired and my brain's given up for the night, but I thought it best to ask for a hand. :)

 

Cheers!

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Napkat

Will, you're amazing. That's a brilliant explanation! Thank you very much - have a well-earned +1. :)

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Apollys

Awesome! I have seen sentences like this and been really confused by it since I never had a proper explanation, thanks so much.

Would I be correct in guessing that in order to say no one, nothing, nowhere, no way, etc., one always places 不 immediately after the 都?

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Daniel Tsui44
On 2016/12/30 at 7:12 AM, Apollys said:

Would I be correct in guessing that in order to say no one, nothing, nowhere, no way, etc., one always places 不 immediately after the 都?

That's correct.

There is something interesting with 不 and 都.:P Check out the example.

谁都不喜欢他。No one likes him.

谁不都喜欢他。Any one likes him with no exception.

他什么都不喜欢吃。 He likes to eat nothing.

他什么不都喜欢吃。 He likes to eat everything with no exception.

最近他觉得哪儿都舒服。He feels all very comfortable recently.

最近他觉得哪儿不都舒服。He feels all comfortable recently with no exception.

都是这样。All is like this.

不都是这样。can mean "All is like this with no exception." or " Not all is like this."

不都是。 Not all is that.

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Apollys
11 hours ago, Daniel Tsui44 said:

谁不都喜欢他。Any one likes him with no exception.

 

So there 都 means entirely.  Just like "Who doesn't like him (completely)?" except it's not a question in Chinese I guess.

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Daniel Tsui44
7 hours ago, Apollys said:

So there 都 means entirely.

No, It means all.

谁不喜欢他。=谁不都喜欢他。=谁都喜欢他。=Any one likes him.

谁不喜欢他?Who don't like him?

 

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