Learn Chinese in China
StChris

《兄弟》 by 余华 (with vocab list)

26 posts in this topic

Site Sponsors:
Pleco for iPhone / Android iPhone & Android Chinese dictionary: camera & hand- writing input, flashcards, audio.
Study Chinese in Kunming 1-1 classes, qualified teachers and unique teaching methods in the Spring City.
Learn Chinese Characters Learn 2289 Chinese Characters in 90 Days with a Unique Flash Card System.
Hacking Chinese Tips and strategies for how to learn Chinese more efficiently
Popup Chinese Translator Understand Chinese inside any Windows application, website or PDF.
Chinese Grammar Wiki All Chinese grammar, organised by level, all in one place.

 

Chapter 1 vocab

 

天开   xiǎngtiānkāi   to imagine the wildest thing / to indulge in fantasy

    jīn   to gold-plate / to gild / (fig.) to make sth quite ordinary seem special

   lěngqīng   cold and cheerless / fig. lonely / unfrequented

   shēn   deep and unmeasurable (idiom); unfathomable depths / incomprehensible / enigmatic and impossible to predict

   kàn   to overlook / to look down from a height

壮丽   zhuànglì   magnificence / magnificent / majestic / glorious

徐徐   xúxú   slowly / gently

   yóu   can't help (doing sth)

   qīn   to look up and see no-one familiar (idiom); not having anyone to rely on / without a friend in the world

相依   xiāngyīwéimìng   mutually dependent for life (idiom); to rely upon one another for survival / interdependent

   juéjiàng   stubborn / obstinate / unbending

感慨 gǎnkǎi to sigh with sorrow, regret etc / rueful / deeply moved

téng rattan / cane / vine

结出 jiēchū to bear (fruit

zhuāhuò to arrest

喃喃 nánnán (onom.) to mutter / to mumble / to murmur

臭气熏天 chòuqìxūntiān overwhelming stench (idiom)

池塘 chítáng pool / pond

一声 yīshēngkēng to not say a word

shēngqín to capture alive

fēiwén sex scandal

chòumíngzhāozhù notorious / infamous / egregious (bandits)

fèn manure / dung

怀 kāihuái to one's heart's content / without restraint

kāiyán to smile / to beam

头禅 kǒutóuchán Zen saying repeated as cant / (fig.) catchphrase / mantra / favorite expression / stock phrase

àokǒu hard to pronounce / awkward-sounding

窃窃 qièqiè to whisper

innocent / innocence / not guilty (law

无其 ruòwúqíshì as if nothing had happened (idiom); calmly / nonchalantl

嘿嘿 hēihēi (onom.) he he / mischievous laughter

guānghuá glossy / sleek / smooth

粗糙 cūcāo crude / gruff / rough / coarse

琳琅 línlángmǎn glittering jewels to delight the eye (idiom) / fig. a dazzling lineup

目不 mùbùxiájiē lit. too much for the eye to take in (idiom); a feast for the eye

róu to knead / to massage / to rub

wān to bend / bent / a bend / a turn (in the road etc) / CL: 

 wall / classifier for walls

liáo to provoke / to tease

驰神 xīnchíshénwǎng one's thoughts fly to a longed-for place or person / to long for / infatuated / fascinated

huǒ lust

熊熊  xióngxióng    raging / flaming

  xūn    to smoke / to fumigate / to assail the nostrils / to perfume

   fèn   muckworm

肉铺   ròupù   butcher's shop

   yān   to salt / to pickle / to cure (meat) / to marinate

   xiánròu   bacon / salt-cured meat

   bēngjǐn   to brace / taut

尾骨   wěigǔ   coccyx / tailbone

砰砰   pēngpēng   (onom.) slam

   yóuyìn   to mimeograph

滔滔   tāotāojué   unceasing torrent (idiom) / talking non-stop / gabbling forty to the dozen

训斥   xùnchì   to reprimand / to rebuke / to berate / stern criticism

画意   shīqínghuàyì   picturesque charm / idyllic appeal / poetic grace

   tián   field / open land / CL: 

   shuǎ   to amuse oneself / to play with / to tease

   wèilán   azure / sky blue

浮云 fúyún floating clouds / fleeting / transient

洁白 jiébái spotlessly white / pure white

冲锋 chōngfēng to charge / to assault / assault

齿 yǎoqièchǐ gnashing one's teeth (idiom); displaying extreme anger / fuming with rage between gritted teeth

to enclose / to cover with the hand (one's eyes, nose or ears) / to cover up (an affair) / contrary / to contradict

jiū to seize / to clutch / to hold tight / to grip

伸张 shēnzhāng to uphold (e.g. justice or virtue) / to promote

正义 zhèngyì justice / righteousness / just / righteous

tuòmo spittle / saliva

to detain in custody

méifēi smiles of exultation / radiant with delight

麻麻 mimámá numerous and close together / densely packed / thickly dotted / thick / dense

jiāfèng crack / crevice

耀 yàoyángwēi to show off one's military strength (idiom); to strut around / to bluff / to bluster

风骚 lǐngfēngsāo most outstanding / par excellence

出风 chūfēngtou to push oneself forward / to seek fame / to be in the limelight

送炭 xuězhōngsòngtàn lit. to send charcoal in snowy weather (idiom) / fig. to provide help in sb's hour of need

笔杆 bǐgǎnzi pen / an effective writer

投桃 tóutáobào toss a peach, get back a plum (idiom); to return a favor / to exchange gifts / Scratch my back, and I'll scratch yours

tuǒdang appropriate / proper / ready

jiūzhèng to correct / to make right

Cáo Xuěqín Cao Xueqin (c. 1715-c. 1764), accepted author of A Dream of Red Mansions

东张西 dōngzhāngxīwàng to look in all directions (idiom) / to glance around

自喻 zìyù to refer to oneself as

造诣 zàoyì academic or artistic attainments / to visit with sb / to call on sb

miànhóng'ěrchì flushed with anger (or excitement)

沫若 Guō Mòruò Guo Moruo (1892-1978), writer, communist party intellectual and cultural apparatchik

威风凛凛 wēifēnglǐnlǐn majestic / awe-inspiring presence / impressive power

控诉 kòngsù to accuse / to denounce / to make a complaint against / denunciation

不厌其烦 bùyànqífán not to mind taking all the trouble (idiom) / to take great pains / to be very patient

敬业 jìngyè to be dedicated to one's work / to respect one's work

chàng to echo one another (idiom)

jiānjiào to screech / to shriek

to sob / to whimper

zhòu to wrinkle / wrinkled / to crease

大笑 hōngtángdàxiào the whole room roaring with laughter (idiom)

tiěqīng ashen

tiějiang blacksmith / ironworker

(onom.) bang / pop / pow

zāidǎo to take a fall

fēijiàn to splash / to spatter

嗡嗡 wēngwēng buzz / drone / hum

dàotiē to lose money instead of being paid (i.e. sb should pay me, but is actually taking my money

兴致 xìngzhì mood / spirits / interest

一拥 yīyōng'érshàng to swarm around / flocking (to see)

shěnwèn to interrogate / to examine / to question

píng ordinary day / everyday / ordinarily / usually

shī No time to lose! (idiom)

jǐnbēng to stretch taut

hǒujiào to howl

心惊 dǎnzhànxīnjīng to tremble with fear (idiom) / scared witless

qiǎoshēng quietly / in a low voice

biē to choke / to stifle / to restrain / to hold back / to hold in (urine) / to hold (one's breath

guài crazy / bizarre / weird / fantastic / strange

mányuàn to complain / to grumble (about) / to reproach / to blame

zhāolǐng to advertise for the owner of lost property

照射 zhàoshè to shine on / to light up / to irradiate

huǎng (of passing time) in an instant / (of a sight) in a flash

shēng stern voice

guǒ to bind / to wrap / a bundle / a parcel

tóujīn head-covering (for men in ancient clothes) / kerchief / scarf / turba

悄悄 qiāoqiāo quietly / secretly / stealthily / quiet / worried / Taiwan pr. [qiao3 qiao3]

随即 suíjí immediately / presently / following which

惊慌 jīnghuāng to panic / to be alarmed

kāi to move away

dǎnqiè timid / cowardly

dǒudòng to tremble

巴巴 liánbābā pathetic / pitiful

一声 yīshēngkēng to not say a word

迷迷糊糊 mímíhūhū in a daze / bewildered

汪汪 lèiwāngwāng tearful / brimming with tears

hūn'àn dusky

襁褓 qiǎngbǎo swaddling clothes / fig. early stage of development / infancy

3 people like this

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Thanks so much. Possible next book for me. 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

It's a good book. Don't be put off by the long vocab lists, it's pretty easy to keep track of the main plot without knowing most of the words.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Chapter 2

 

shēnbàimíngliè to lose one's standing / to have one's reputation swept away / a complete defeat and fall from grace

愤愤不 fènfènbùpíng to feel indignant / to feel aggrieved

目不 mùbùzhuǎnjīng unable to take one's eyes off (idiom); to gaze steadily / to stare

比比 bǐbǐjiēshì can be found everywhere

jìn vigorously / energetically / enthusiastically

shǒuyín to masturbate / masturbation

凉鞋 liángxié sandal

qiánshì previous generations / previous incarnation (Buddhism)

a move / an action / in one move / at a stroke / in one g

意味 yìwèishēncháng profound / significant / meaningful

lǒu to hug / to embrace / to hold in one's arms

xiǎngliàng loud and clear / resounding

niē to pinch (with one's fingers) / to knead / to make up

chòumíngzhāozhù notorious / infamous / egregious (bandits)

tiàolóu fig. to sell at a large discount (in advertising)

shuǎimài to mark down (the price of goods) / to sell off cheap

jiǎgōng official authority used for private interests (idiom); to attain private ends by abusing public position

守口如瓶 shǒukǒurúpíng lit. to guard one's mouth like a closed bottle (idiom); tight-lipped / reticent / not breathing a word

shǎngshí to appreciate / to recognize the worth of sth / appreciation

提拔 tíbá to promote to a higher job / to select for promotion

供销 gōngxiāo supply and marketing / distribution / supply and sales

zhǎng section chief / CL: 個|个

见异思迁 jiànyìsīqiān to change at once on seeing sth different (idiom); loving fads and novelty / never satisfied with what one has

miáo to take aim / (fig.) to aim one's looks at / to glance at

zhǎn a small cup / classifier for lamps

成名 gōngchéngmíngjiù to win success and recognition (idiom)

to lament / to complain tearfully / to wail accusingly

niányuè months and year / time / days of one's life

权衡利弊 quánhénglìbì to weigh the pros and cons (idiom)

一失足成 yīshīzúchéngqiānhèn a single slip may cause everlasting sorrow (idiom)

哑口无言 yǎkǒuwúyán dumbstruck and unable to reply (idiom); left speechless / at a loss for words

雄难 yīngxióngnánguòměirénguān even heroes have a weakness for the charms of a beautiful woman (idiom)

wǎn to regret / to feel that it is a great pity / to feel sorry for sb

曹营在汉 shēnzài Cáoyíngxīnzài Hàn live in Cao camp but have the heart in Han camp (idiom.) / to be somewhere while longing to be somewhere else

垂涎 chuíxiánsānchǐ to drool (over) (idiom) / to yearn for / to covet / to crave

gōng qigong, a system of deep breathing exercises

夫妻 shuǐfūqī a couple in a short-lived, improper relationship

迫切 pòqiè urgent / pressing

xiàoliǎnxiāngyíng to welcome sb with a smiling face (idiom)

xiōngzhǎng elder brother / term of respect for a man of about the same age

hua to gesture / to gesticulate

to enlighten / to explain (a text etc) / to stimulate (a mental attitude) / enlightenment / revelation / motivation

zhì birthmark / mole

笑肉不笑 xiàoròubùxiào to put on a fake smile (idiom) / to smile insincerely

贿 xínghuì to bribe / to give bribes

còu to move close to

zhuāngshénnòngguǐ lit. dress up as God, play the devil (idiom); fig. to mystify / to deceive people / to scam

jiāo anxiety / anxious

zhòuméi to frown / to knit one's brow

迟疑 chíyí to hesitate

yángchūnmiàn plain noodles in broth

齿 yǎoqièchǐ gnashing one's teeth (idiom); displaying extreme anger / fuming with rage between gritted teeth

duìzhǔn to aim at / to target / to point at / to be directed at / registration / alignment (mechanical engineering)

shí lit. count by fives and tens (idiom); to narrate systematically and in full detail

嗡嗡 wēngwēng buzz / drone / hum

lǒu to hug / to embrace / to hold in one's arms

ēnuó (of a woman's bearing) graceful / elegant / lithe

guǎiwānjiǎo lit. going round the curves and skirting the corners (idiom) / fig. to speak in a roundabout way / to equivocate / to beat about the bush

直截 zhíjiéliǎodàng direct and plainspoken (idiom); blunt / straightforward

zhòu to curse

yáobǎi to strut / swaggering

kuòlǎo wealthy person / millionaire

duānshàng to serve (food, tea etc)

勃然 bórán suddenly / abruptly / agitatedly / excitedly / vigorously

zhāoshǒu to wave / to beckon

tiěqīng ashen

无其 ruòwúqíshì as if nothing had happened (idiom); calmly / nonchalantly

miànhuángshòu yellow face, emaciated body (idiom); malnourished and sickly in appearance

fèn'é share / portion

山珍 shānzhēnhǎiwèi exotic delicacies / luxury foodstuff from distant locations

zhé twists and turns

nong to fool / to deceive

细致 xìzhì delicate / fine / careful / meticulous / painstaking

jīngmíng astute / shrewd

shìgu sophisticated / worldly-wise

qīng to adore / to admire greatly

破绽 pòzhàn hole or tear in cloth / mistake or gap in a speech or theory

to narrow one's eyes / to squint / (dialect) to take a nap

chōngjǐng to long for / to look forward to / longing / vision for the future

颜无 hòuyánwúchǐ shameless

健忘 jiànwàng forgetful

入化 chūshénrùhuà to reach perfection (idiom); a superb artistic achievement

有所 ruòyǒusuǒ looking pensive / thoughtfully

chū discrepancy / inconsistent

shéncǎifēiyáng in high spirits (idiom); glowing with health and vigor

洋洋 yángyáng joyfully satisfied / to be immensely proud of oneself / proudly / an air of complacency

xiōng chest

虔诚 qiánchéng pious / devout / sincere

过客 guòkè passing traveler / transient guest / sojourner

zāi to grow / to plant

乘凉 chéngliáng to cool off in the shade

jué to dig

  Du Fu (712-770), great Tang dynasty poet

字字 zìzìzhū every word a gem (idiom); magnificent writing

zhōng'ài to treasure / to be very fond of

lǎoliàn seasoned / experienced

不屑 bùxiè to disdain to do sth / to think sth not worth doing / to feel it beneath one's dignity

大悟 huǎngrándàwù to suddenly realize / to suddenly see the light

并茂 shēngqíngbìngmào (of a singer etc) excellent in voice and expression (idiom)

tōng to make no sense / to be illogical

zhǔréngōng hero (of a novel or film) / main protagonist

gǎn'ēndài deeply grateful

gǎixiéguīzhèng to mend one's ways (idiom) / to turn over a new leaf

zhǎndīngjiétiě lit. to chop the nail and slice the iron (idiom) / fig. resolute and decisive / unhesitating / categorical

jǐnbēng to stretch taut

chichi (onom.) rapid breathing

chénjìn to soak / to permeate / to immerse

chóuchàng melancholy / depression

2 people like this

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Chapter 3

 

pánshān to walk unsteadily / to stagger / to lurch / to hobble / to totter

绰号 chuòhào nickname

蓬蓬 luànpēngpēng disheveled / tangled

zhèngzōng orthodox school / fig. traditional / old school / authentic / genuine

wèi for this reason 

晃晃 mínghuǎnghuǎng shining / bright

míngchuán lit. name is not in vain (idiom); a fully justified reputation / enjoys a well-deserved reputation

huòzhēnjiàshí genuine goods at fair prices

péiběn loss / to sustain losses

hǎo to seem / to be like

qīngbái pure / innocent

innocent / innocence / not guilty (law)

téngkōng to soar / to rise high into the air

梦寐 mèngmèiqiú to yearn for sth even in one's dreams (idiom) / to long for sth day and night

shèn to seep / to ooze / to horrify

qiào to stick up / to point sth up

全神贯注 quánshénguànzhù to concentrate one's attention completely (idiom) / with rapt attention

jiāng slurry / mud

继父 jìfù stepfather

zāi to fall head first

麻麻 mimámá numerous and close together / densely packed / thickly dotted / thick / dense

jiàn to splash

zhīliǎo cicada (onom.) - insect

to hunger for sth (idiom); eagerly / to long for sth

juǎn to engulf / to sweep / to carry away everything

wénxùn to receive news (of)

lāo to fish up / to dredge up

rán firmly / resolutely / without hesitation

màinong to show off / to make a display of

zuǐzi lit. lips / fig. glib talk

fèn muckworm

tán to flick / to flip

da goose pimples / goose bumps

niē to pinch (with one's fingers) / to knead / to make up

to enclose / to cover with the hand (one's eyes, nose or ears) / to cover up (an affair) / contrary / to contradict

魁梧 kuíwú tall and sturdy

hōngdòng to cause a sensation / to create a stir in (a place) / commotion / controversy

guānshǎng to look at sth with pleasure / to watch (sth marvelous) / ornamental

浩浩荡荡 hàohàodàngdàng grandiose / majestic

wāixié crooked / askew / oblique / slanting / out of plumb

如其来 rúqílái to arise abruptly / to arrive suddenly / happening suddenly

remains (of a dead person)

rán stupefied

zhěntào pillowcase

xiù to embroider / embroidery

wéilǒng to crowd around

to enjoy sth and never tire of it (idiom)

2 people like this

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Chapter 4

 

màncháng very long / endless

piāntóutòng migraine

guǒ to bind / to wrap / a bundle / a parcel

隐隐 yǐnyǐn faint / indistinct

时常 shícháng often / frequently

敲击 qiāojī to pound / to rap

qīngcuì sharp and clear / crisp / melodious / ringing / tinkling / silvery (of sound) / fragile / frail

mokugyo / wooden fish (percussion instrument)

志不 shénzhìbùqīng to be delirious / to be mentally confused

cǎnbái deathly pale

战战兢兢 zhànzhànjīngjīng trembling with fear / with fear and trepidation

zhā to prick / to run or stick (a needle etc) into / jug (a classifier for liquids such as beer)

chàn to tremble / to shiver / to shake / to vibrate / Taiwan pr. [zhan4]

sāo to reel silk from cocoons

西 yángjìng (old) peep show / (fig.) hanky-panky / trickery

没头没 méitóuméiliǎn lit. without head, without face (idiom) / fig. frenzily / haphazardly

zǎi child / young animal

yǒu intentionally or otherwise

hóngrùn ruddy / rosy / florid

腮帮 sāibāngzi cheek

fèng gap between teeth

shēnyín to moan / to groan

灿烂 cànlàn to glitter / brilliant / splendid

jiǎojié shining clean / bright (moonlight)

沐浴 mùyù to take a bath / to bathe / to immerse

chuī to brush / to caress (of breeze) / to praise

níngshì to gaze at / to fix one's eyes on

yǒngzhǐjìng without end / never-ending

荡漾 dàngyàng to ripple / to undulate

shùshāo the tip of a tree / treetop

yínghuǒchóng firefly / glowworm / lightning bug

fēixiáng to circle in the air / to soar

to move up and down / to undulate / ups and downs

wàng as far as the eye can see (idiom)

yóu can't help (doing sth)

壮丽 zhuànglì magnificence / magnificent / majestic / glorious

áng to lift / to raise / to raise one's head / high / high spirits / soaring / expensive

流连 liúliánwàngfǎn to linger / to remain enjoying oneself and forget to go home

寂静 jìjìng quiet

臭气熏天 chòuqìxūntiān overwhelming stench (idiom)

身躯 shēnqū body

dǎngzhù to obstruct

tuóbèi hunchbacked / stooping / hunchback

撞撞 diēdiezhuàngzhuàng to stagger along

tuó hump or hunchbacked / camel

咯咯 gēgēxiào chuckle

熙熙攘攘 xīxīrǎngrǎng bustling with activity (idiom)

hóngliàng loud and clear / resonant

guāncai coffin / CL: 

兴致勃勃 xìngzhìbóbó to become exhilarated (idiom); in high spirits / full of zest

dié to fold / to fold over in layers / to furl / to layer / to pile up / to repeat / to duplicate

zhuàng classifier for buildings

pánchan money for a voyage / travel expenses

duōsuo to tremble / to shiver / uncontrolled shaking of the body

chūbìn funeral / funeral procession

shǒuhòu to wait for / to expect / to keep watch / to watch over / to nurse

手巧 xīnlíngshǒuqiǎo capable / clever / dexterous

bǎnchē handcart / flatbed cart / flatbed tricycle

嘎吱 gāzhī (onom.) creak / crunch

to weep

to sob / to whimper

shì to overlook / to look down at

迟疑 chíyí to hesitate

xué tomb / grave

嚎啕 háotáo to wail / to bawl (idiom)

chǎn to shovel / to remove / spade / shovel

熊熊 xióngxióng raging / flaming

ránshāo to ignite / to combust / to burn / combustion / flaming

li swift / agile / efficient / quick-witted (colloquial)

shuǐgāng water jar

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Chapter 5


 

啪啦 lipālā (onom.) to crackle and rattle / to pitter-patter

层叠 céngdié layer upon layer / tiered

脏话连篇 a bunch of nonsense / verbose and rambling

唾沫 tuòmòxīngzi sputter

liáorào to curl up / to linger on (sound)

咯咯 gēgēxiào chuckle

huá comical / funny / amusing

耀 yàoyǎn to dazzle / dazzling

kòulán slam dunk

xiào to whistle / to scream / to whiz

jiānxiào evil smile / sinister smile

yín excess / excessive / wanton / lewd / lascivious / obscene / depraved

sānpiàn third category movie (containing sexual or violent content)

兴致勃勃 xìngzhìbóbó to become exhilarated (idiom); in high spirits / full of zest

大悟 huǎngrándàwù to suddenly realize / to suddenly see the light

chénjìn to soak / to permeate / to immerse

汪汪 lèiwāngwāng tearful / brimming with tears

chàndǒu to shudder / to shiver / to shake / to tremble

浸透 jìntòu to soak / to saturate / to drench / to permeate

yǐnyuē vague / faint / indistinct

咕咚 gūdōng drinking sound

bīngzhèn iced

惬意 qièyì satisfied / pleased / contented

yǎo to ladle out / to scoop up

腮帮 sāibāngzi cheek

juǎn to engulf / to sweep / to carry away everything

残留 cánliú to remain / left over / surplus / remnant

依依 yīyīshě reluctant to part (idiom); broken-hearted at having to leave

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

this is great! I don't suppose you'd be able to attach a tab-delimited text file or an excel sheet... something I could use to import into anki...?

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites