Pall Posted October 7, 2022 at 10:32 PM Report Share Posted October 7, 2022 at 10:32 PM Hi, In the mid-summer I made a proposition to add to transcription a radical of the syllable. I proposed even to add its name to the sound of the syllable, but the latter appeared exessive. However the idea to add something in front of the syllable transcription proved to be fruitful. I decided to add firstly some leading feature of the character. In the attached list of the 5,000 HSK words (with some extra words) I arranged them in six parts. In the first four parts words are distributed by the leading feature of one of their characters. The leading feature is something, which catches your eye first of all. It occures firstly on the margins of the character, at the bottom, on the right, at the top and on the left, I preferred going clockunwise, see pic. Some of the leading features coinsides with radicals, those that are exclusively distinct, others not. For example, in the part 3 item 6 you can see cases when two strokes happen over the character above some line, which can be seperate or a part of a figure. When there are two strokes it is 八 radical, which also can happen at the bottom and in other forms, but that's ignored. In the part 3 item 5 all these characters are considered of the same leading features: 亡, 交, 方, etc. The parts 1-4, in which leading features can be seen easily, covers some 3,000 words of the HSK list. Corresponding radical or a symbol for a groop of leading features is put in front of the syllable in transcription. For the groop of "creepy" a five-end star is used with a line at the bottom, for "chandeliers" - crossed W. The part 5 includes words of some rather frequent radicals. In the part 6 the rest of the words is organised in five groops: 1) thoses having somewere in their outline the elements ヌ, 夂 or 攵, 2) having somewhere 人, 入 or similar element like in 个 (dispite it's considered 八 in fact), 3) having some square or rectangle with something inside (in the pic. it comes No 4, but it's No 3 instead - all these are relevant: 中, 里, 翼, 间 ), drawn as double crossed square, 4) having some square or rectangle , which is not the 口 radical - can be a part of another element (况, 舔, 点), shown as a square crossed with a single line, 5) just "lines" - all the remainder - not indicated at all. Also the fleshcard type is important. On the face side the transcription with leading features is written, on the reverse translation at the top and the word in characters at the bottom, with some horizontal space between them. Firstly they are learnt in these two directions simultaneously: from the transcription with leading feature (for each syllable) to the translation and to the character outline, which is to be drawn by hand. Then looking at the other side and covering with the big finger the translation we train to recognize the words in characters. I do it even holding the fleshcards in the upward position, then it's also more covenient to cover the translation with my finger. When revising the words difficult ones should also be learnt from translation to the characters, which are to be written by hand. In addition I duplicate fleshcards for difficult words changing the order of the meanings. It's important to reduce the number of meanings to one-two. However because of the synonims it's better sometimes to give a couple of corresponding translation words even for a single meaning. The words are learnt mainly by sections of the same leading features, though often mixed for several of them. That's all in principle. Also it worths to mention that I used mupin as transcription. It seems to be better percepted in the combined form of the transcription, with leading features. Yes, it also can be due to that I'm familiar to Cyrillic. However, I'm quite familiar to Lathin cript, and I learnt pynuin well before I encountered at mupin, and it take efforts to switch to the latter finally. Anyhow you can start with pynuin, if it works OK, then no problem. See rearranged HSK list enclosed, it's not only "radical organized" now.Radical_Organized_New_HSK_Wordlist1.xlsx Radical_Organized_New_HSK_Wordlist1.xlsx Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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