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中国 in ...Japanese


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In Japanese, 中国 Chûgoku, apart from the usual meaning of "China" , also designates "the Western tip of Honshû , comprising Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori, and Yamaguchi prefectures",

and the expression 中国地方 Chûgoku chihô (Chûgoku region : Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori, and Yamaguchi prefectures).


This is modern Japanese, not classical Chinese in which the expression 中国 first meant 京师 (the capital city ) as in :

《诗·民劳》:“惠此中国,以缓四方。” 毛传:“中国,京师也。四方, 诸夏也。
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Just to add a bit to what nnt is saying: the character 国 in Japanese has two basic meanings: it means not only "country" but also "area, region" (国=kuni). So, 中国 simply means "Central Region", and has nothing to do with "China" (中国).

BTW, it seems that wikipedia (the link) can't be open within China.

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Here is another one :

http://www.chugoku-navi.jp/, with a map of the region.

This link should work :



Chugoku District-Tottori-ken (Tittori), Shimane-ken (Matsue), Okayama-ken (Okayama).

Hiroshima-ken (Hiroshima), Yamaguchi-ken (Yamaguchi);

It should be noticed that the transcription in 中国 is goku ( euphonic version of koku ), which is Japanese On reading, and that 国 kuni is Kun reading , also has the meaning of country , along with the meaning of province/region.

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