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    • hqk945
      About the final -ong in Mandarin In 2009,Huang Qikang (黄启康)pointed out: 1. Hollow things ,like a conch shell ,make a -ong sound when the wind blows over them or they are placed at the ear. So the ancients associated -ong with hollow → sound → speaking, such as 空(kong ,hollow), 中(zhong ,middle), 孔(kong ,hole), 砰(peng≈pong,bang ), 诵(song,recite ) 2 Hollow things look like bigger and more. So -ong Is related with big and more. Such as hong (宏macro 洪flood鸿a big bird 弘enlarge ), feng(≈ fong . 丰 plentiful蜂bees 烽beacon-fire (used to give border alarm in ancient China),all in large amount) ) 3 If there is a space between two objects, that means far,so -ong is associated whith far, such as 送(song ,deliver/see somebody off),蹦(beng , leap )烽 (feng ,beacon-fire: whith much smoke, used to send signals over long distances). 4. Hollow objects are softer than solid ones, so -ong is related to softness, such as 绒(rong ,fine hair ), 茸(downy ),松(song ,fluffy /Pine tree)   Details Initials / hollow ,soft /Sound,Speak /big ,more ,far / irrelevant /notes                                   b /泵(from pump)/绷( tighten the string (to make a sound))嘣/蹦(farther than a step )崩( To be many fragments)迸/甭/beng =bong ,bone is hollow ,崩蹦迸 Are related From the sounds.   p /捧棚,蓬(松)/ 怦抨嘭砰碰烹/ 鹏膨澎/朋/烹嘭砰碰怦All from sounds.   d/ 洞/ 咚/ 栋( of big house)/懂动东冻冬/冬冻 Are related.   t/桶筒通,(泡)桐瞳( The center of eyes)/铜(锣, makes big noise )童( Speaks too much)/同通统(Everybody is the same)/痛捅/none    g/弓( With soft rope)/none /宫拱(The animal arches to look bigger to scare off the enemy)共公蚣( With many legs)/贡工功恭攻躬供/ 宫贡恭供 show Respectness,like 通统公共show Many people。   k/ 空孔 /none / 控( Operate in a distance)/恐/none    h/ none / 哄轰 /宏洪鸿虹弘烘/红/ 宏洪鸿虹弘 all related to big.   j/ none / none /迥(迥异, Big differences )/囧炯炅窘/囧炯炅All means bright.   q/穷( Empty cave indicates poverty, 穴,cave )/none / 穹/ 琼/ none    x/ 胸(with hollow lungs )/凶(curse→fierce )/ 雄 兄熊(No matter of the animal or of the fire, the big one is called 熊)匈(胸(Big muscles))汹/ none /none    z/ none / none / 总宗(remote ancestor)综鬃踪/纵棕粽/none    zh /中钟盅衷 /none / 重(Heavy)众肿/ 种忠塚(同冢)终踵/总综众 Are related.   c/ 葱囱/ 淙( Sound of water)聪(聪for ears 明for eyes ,耳聪目明) /丛从(to follow )/ 匆 /none    ch/充(Fill the vacancy)/ none / 崇 冲(With much water)宠(with Much love)重(Repeat , For times)/舂虫/none    s/ 松 / 颂诵讼/ 送耸/ 宋悚怂/ none    sheng ,shong ,all Invalid syllables, So strange.   f/风缝( Verb and noun )封锋(sharp ,whith which easy to cut and poke out cracks缝儿 and holes洞)/疯(talk foolishly)讽,phone /丰烽峰凤( Big bird)/枫逢冯俸奉/feng =fong ,奉俸供贡Are related to respectness    n/ none / 哝/ 浓(much thing in liquid)脓( More liquid in meat)/农弄侬弄/none  l/ 笼窿/ 聋/龙( Like a big snake)拢(Many a little make a mickle)隆(隆重隆起)/陇垄/ none     m/梦/none /萌( Sprout and grow up)猛(For big animals) 盟(For many people) /蒙孟懵虻朦濛曚/meng =mong =moon ,The moon is too dark to see clearly with , and the initials and the finals are nasal sounds,not clear, 梦蒙懵朦 曚濛all have this meaning.    r/容(contain )溶(contains in liquid)绒茸/none /冗荣榕蓉(蒜蓉,Minced garlic)/戎融/none    w/ none / 嗡/翁(for age )瓮(for size )/none /weng =wong    y/庸( Not bad or good ,in the middle)甬(The passage between the two walls, or the large container, is equal to 10 buckets斗)蛹(intermediate state between larva and moth)拥(to put between 2 arms)佣(A person between his master and the master's chores )/咏/永( for Long time)勇(for Much courage)涌( For much water )臃(肿,With the same finals and meaning )踊(for Emotion)恿(怂恿,Make the timid to the bold)泳(Swim only in much water)痈(carbuncle, more than the normal skin)/用俑/none  (Huang Qikang (黄启康)'s email :[email protected] )
    • mianbao
      Hello everyone!     I am looking for a very elusive recipe. When I was studying at Beijing University for 2 semesters in 2020 (I am American).   I had the most amazing sponge cake of my life from the local mall about 2 miles away.   I forget the name of the bakery/shop but I do remember the name of the cake ZaoGao funny right? because it was delicious... delicious actually doesn't do it justice, it was transcendental.    It was soft and airy and wonderful in every way. It was a Date Cake with no nuts. Extremely simple and the second they pulled it out and cut it up it was sold in a matter of minutes.   The picture included is the closest reference I have and most of the recipes I have found online my friends tell me are not accurate.     Thanks for any assistance finding this Recipe and making it from scratch.   All The Best!!
    • suMMit
      Kind of a weird question, but how can I smile more when speaking Chinese?   My wife mentioned, while I've Been making speaking practice videos, that I don't smile when speaking Chinese. I agree with her and I'm probably am the same when speaking face to face, especially with people I don't know. I guess it's because it takes all my concentration on the language, I'm not thinking about smiling. Any ideas?
    • Eibar
      How to approach the Chinese of Buddhist texts? Wikipedia says that the Chinese Buddhist canon is written in "Classical Chinese", but what form of Chinese are we talking about? I mean, speaking specifically of the pre-Tang (Kumarajiva) and Tang (Zhiyi, Xuanzang) texts, what other things do we have to consider to fully understand the context of the texts? Issues like Middle Chinese and Sanskrit loanwords.  I mean, speaking of books and readers, do "New Practical Chinese Reader", "An Introduction to Literary Chinese," and "Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar" fulfill this purpose, or do they preferably stay in the context of Zhou-Han's literature? It is understandable that linguistic works like Jerry Norman's do not address this at all, I know they are more vernacular and not philological. But I mean that even literarily, the concept of classical Chinese makes Zhou's literature eclipse the Buddhist Canon. If I am wrong, I would appreciate any opinion. In conclusion, I would like to start reading the Taisho Canon in its digital formats, such as CBETA and SAT, as well as tickling the monster of original manuscripts of the Lotus Sutra... The HDC or the Paul W. Kroll are dictionaries that might help? Is there any manual on this form/stage of literary Chinese? Should I learn Sanskrit?
    • Kay Anne
      Would it be Arch Chinese or are there any others?   I am looking for one that can slow down the speed of the animation
    • Tianup3
      For example, if I'm a student at NTNU MTC already learning Mandarin is it possible to receive a scholarship for future semesters or time? I ask this because all the scholarships I've seen available are for people are for those that haven't attended a MTC.    For example the Huayu Enrichment Scholarship says:  International applicants above the age of 18, who possess a high school diploma or above, have shown excellent academic performance, and are of good moral character are eligible. Candidates with one of the following qualifications may not apply:   Is an overseas Chinese student or a national of the R.O.C. Is currently registered as a student at a Mandarin Language Center or has sought a degree from a university or college in Taiwan. Has already received a HES or a Taiwan Scholarship, in the past. Is an exchange student to Taiwan, during the scholarship period. Is currently receiving financial benefits from the Taiwan government or another educational institution.
    • vellocet
      From "A Mission in China", W. E. Soothill (1907).   His account of a Wenzhounese preacher teaching a sermon to the locals in his own style.  If the name Soothill sounds familiar, it's because he wrote "The Student's Pocket Chinese Dictionary" which taught a generation of scholars. He was also the first person to devise a romanization system for the Wenzhounese language. He was quite a learned man and became professor of Chinese at Oxford. The photo of his church in the frontispiece of his book looks exactly the same today, I rode past it last week on my ebike.     
    • Jellyfish
      Hi all, I've been searching old threads but couldn't find any info on this so I hope you can help. I'm currently working with my employer in China on cancelling my work contract and permit. Contract and work permit were valid until April 2024 but will now be cancelled ahead of time. I'd been planning on returning to China on a Q2 visa (my husband is Chinese) later this year but my employer said that I won't be able to re-enter China before the original work visa and contract have expired "naturally" (so at the end of my original contract period), ie after April 2024, even if I get a new valid Q2 visa outside of China. This seems so strange to me, has anyone ever been in this situation? My employer has been really good so far and we never had any issues so I don't see why they would lie to me about this (or indeed what would be in it for them to lie to me) but it just seems absurd, why would this be a rule? If anyone has ever been in this situation or is familiar with Chinese visa rules and has an explanation for this I'd be grateful for any advice!
    • Kay Anne
      I have seen a few cooking sites that have used this (steamy kitchen for one) and have seen it in Chinese markets.   It tastes a lot like celery to me.   Is it a popular ingredient in Chinese cooking?   thanks
    • PiffePaffePouffe
      Hi!   I got a very beautiful tea pot and I was wondering what the characters translate to in English - could someone help me out?   Thank you!
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