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Question about 上 了


mxian

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Hi,

I'm viewing the DVD Muzzy Level 1 Mandarin For Children. A character (the Queen) asks 公主愛上了花匠? (Does the princess love the gardener?)

I think 公主愛花匠? should mean the same thing. So what's the purpose of adding 上了 after verb 愛? Do they alter/add meaning to the verb? When should we add 上了 after a verb? When should we not? I consult my Schaum's Chinese Grammar book but still don't find an answer.

Any help is highly appreciated. Thank you in advance.

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上 here is a verb complement, which according to my dictionary, is used to "indicate the beginning and continuity of an action. It gives the example of 她愛上了司機的工作 - "she has come to love her job as a driver."

So in this case, I suppose we could translate the question as "Has the princess fallen in love with the gardener?" (implying that she has fallen in love with and is still in love with the gardener).

Hope that helps :)

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