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List of different kinds of sentence structures that involve 趋向补语


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A while ago I compiled a list of different types of sentence structures that involve 趋向补语

 

I thought I'd share it here

 

The first six relate to 简单趋向补语 and the rest relate to 复合趋向补语:

 

用符号〔〕标出非单字的句子成分
用符号 “” 标出单字的句子成分
用符号〈〉限定句子成分的分类之一
用符号()提供另一种说法或者表示其句子成分可以省略

 

趋向补语句型列表(现代汉语):


1

句型一:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔简单趋向补语(“来”或“去”)〕
用来表示:动作是向着说话者进行的或朝着相反的方向进行的。
例:“他下来了”、“他上去了”

 

2

句型二:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔处所宾语〕+〔简单趋向补语〕
例:“他上楼来了”、“他出门去了”、“他回家来了”

 

3

句型三:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔宾语〈客观事物〉〕+〔简单趋向补语〕
例:“他想从外边搬一把椅子来”、“我给姐姐寄了一套明信片去”

 

4

句型四:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔简单趋向补语〕+〔宾语〈客观事物〉〕
例:“他想从外边搬来一把椅子”、“我给姐姐寄去了一套明信片”、“他拿去了那本书”

 

5

句型五:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔简单趋向补语〕+〔宾语〈抽象事物或存现宾语〉〕
例:“飘来花香”、“带来困难”、“走来一个人”

 

6

句型六:〔中心语〕+(“别”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔宾语〕+〔简单趋向补语〕
用来表示:命令。
例:“倒茶来”、“倒水来”、“回房来”、“下山去”

 

7

句型七:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔复合趋向补语(述补短语)(“上”“下”“进”“出”“回”“过”“起”其一与“来”“去”其一搭配成的组合)〕
例:“走起来”、“山上的大石头滚下来了”

 

8

句型八:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔复合趋向补语(述补短语)〕+ 〔数量词与量词〕+〔宾语〈客观事物〉〕
例:“走进来一个人”、“递过来一本书”

 

9

句型九:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔述语(“上”“下”“进”“出”“回”“过”或“起”)〕+(〔数量词与量词〕)+〔宾语〈客观事物〉〕+〔补语(“来”或“去”)〕
例:“递过一本书来”、“递过书来”、“走进一个人来”、“走进人来”

 

10

句型十:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔谓语动词〕+〔述语〕+〔处所宾语〕+〔补语〕
例:“跑进教室里去”、“走下楼来”、“他们爬上山去了”、“他带回宿舍去了”

 

11

句型十一:〔中心语〕+(“不”或“没”)+〔离合动词上半〕+〔述语〕+〔宾语〕+〔离合动词下半〕
例:“说起话来”、“回过头来”
 

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